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Weight Loss has got quite the reputation over the last few decades and thousands of procedures and treatments are being made available to tackle fat accumulation. With this popularity, researchers and doctors are finding out many methods to do the wonders from time to time. Of these methods, we are going to talk about surgeries today. We know that there are so many resources about weight loss surgeries out there, but mostly, many of them are clinical. We take our best effort to tell this in most simple words, so that you know what your doctor is talking about, when it comes to the surgery. The weight loss surgery is also known as Bariatric Surgery.

Even though this is a surgery, it does not mean that you can get everything by a simple cut and fixing. This involves a long process, that you might even think reducing weight by physical means is more comfortable. No, seriously you still need to have a strict diet and an exercise schedule to have the best out of the surgery. Now don’t skip the blog; read through to the end to know all the pros and cons. We do not hold anything back.

Myth Busting
Many think that weight loss surgery is scraping all the fat under your skin. Well, that is not even close to th e truth. What is happening here is using measures to reduce your food intake. 

Qulifications

Qualifications? What qualifications? Well you need to be qualified to have a weight loss surgery. In USA, your BMI should at least cross 40 units or they consider 35 BMI with some underlying diseases. These diseases include heart diseases including pressure alterations and heart attack.  Severe sleep apnea is another condition the authorities are willing to take into account.

Within 6 weeks before the surgery, you cannot consume any tobacco product including the trace amounts in vape. They even advise you to stop tobacco altogether to address any future health issues. If you want to read more about the qualifications criteria, click here.

1. Gastric band

Do you know the feeling, after eating so much you suddenly feel that you are full. This is the phenomenon used here. As the name suggests, this is inserting a small band around the stomach. By doing this, a small pouch will be created at the top part of the stomach. So rather than filling the whole stomach all the way, you can feel full by that small pouch. Then you can be fulfilled with a lot less amount of food.

The procedure cannot be achieved in one go. The reason is that with tight bands, the bodily muscles in the stomach might die themselves or reject the foreign body. Hence the band is connected to a switch like device. In 4-6 weeks duration a salt/brine solution is inject to this switch, which then travels to the band. This makes the band to become tightened. This process will be continued for around 3-4 times to achieve the optimum tightness.

2. Primary obesity surgery endolumena

Although the others in this list have been in the weight loss genre for so long, this is a new entrant.

3. Intra-gastric balloon

Unlike other surgeries here, this is a temporary measure. A small balloon filled with saline or a brine solution or just air is used here. This is passed through the throat and placed inside the stomach. For the science student’s knowledgebase, using throat to infiltrate stomach is called gastroscopy. The balloon blocks a part of the stomach, thereby reducing its working part. This gives you the feeling that you are full even before the full size is achieved.

4. Sleeve Gastrectomy

This is a permanent removal of a part of the stomach. Every other operation discussed here can be reversed if needed. How? Say that you don’t want a balloon in your stomach – You can ask the doctor to remove it. But this procedure leads to permanent shrinkage / removal of a part of the abdomen. Therefore Sleeve Gastrectomy is more results oriented and carries more risk.

5. Gastric bypass

This is also derived from the theory of feeling full early. A real life example is; say that you are a thief. You are planning to rob the post office. But your way of escape is in front of the police station. Will you be taking this road? Probably not. You will pave a path via the small bush forest behind the post office to reach the closest highway, where your wife is waiting in the car to take you away. The same phenomenon is in play here. The surgeon takes a small portion from your small intestine and join it in between the stomach and small intestine. This creates a bypass to the rest of stomach and food will travel through the newly established path, “bypassing” the major part of stomach.

This also induces the “feeling full” sensation well before the whole stomach is filled. What does it mean? It takes less food to fill your tummy, and you end up taking less and less food.

6. Biliopancreatic diversion

This is way similar to Gastric Bypass but the tube is connected to further down in the small intestine. This makes even less calorie absorption and reduce weight more and more. Although this can cause several allergies because small intestine is not only doing the calorie absorption part, but also some bodily defense role. Because of this reason, the Biliopancreatic diversion weight loss surgery is less common.

Everything give, the best course of action is following your docyor’s cue. Good luck for your weight journey.

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